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DTU Studieprojekt - The Role of Water in 100 Renewable Integrated Energy Systems

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)



The Role of Water in 100 Renewable Integrated Energy Systems

Udbyder
Vejleder
Sted
København og omegn
Background
Energy systems worldwide are undergoing radical changes aiming for an immediate future in which all energy needs will be covered with renewable sources. However, this presents an almost infinite number of challenges, the main being to ensure that generation and consumption stay perfectly balanced at all times. This was traditionally done matching the demand with the generation by controlling how much fuel to burn in fossil fuel based power plants. However, due to the inherent uncertainty of volatile generation such as wind or solar, grid operators need new sources of flexibility. In this context, the concept of demand response arises, which is, simply put, to control the loads in order to match the generation.

  • Meanwhile, water supply systems are growing increasingly complex and turning to energy intensive treatment options such as membrane treatment. Membranes remove tricky pollutants like organic compounds, salt, bacteria, and viruses and make otherwise unusable water resources fit-for-purpose. This includes desalination of seawater and brackish groundwater resources, and even purification of wastewater for potable and non-potable reuse. The advanced water treatment is found from small scale operations at household scale up to large projects servicing megacities with water.

The intensive water treatment requires large amounts of energy, but can be designed with storage to keep production running while there is excess energy and close down when power generation is low. The question is: how can water systems provide flexibility and buffer capacity to the power systems?

Cape Verde is a small island country in Africa compound by 9 islands aiming to cover all their electricity needs with renewables by 2030, which means that there is a lot of work to do. Due to the limited amount of industrialization, the only controllable loads at their disposal are their desalination plants, whose operation is critical, as they are the biggest suppliers of fresh water in the country. On the other hand, energy storage systems like batteries are still expensive and tend to underperform in warm environments. Note that an additional benefit from the desalination plants is that they are already in the system, no need to invest more, just to use resources more efficiently.

Objectives
This master thesis gives you the opportunity to work in a collaborative project between DTU Elektro and DTU Environment. You can work as a group or individually. Disregarding what you choose, we like to encourage collaboration between students from both departments (we can assist you with the matchmaking). In the best-case scenario, each student will have tasks from their own background and the common. In this way, you can assist each other, enjoying an excellent collaborative opportunity.

The objectives of the project vary depending on your background and interests. On a general level, there are several techno-economical optimization problems worth exploring involving scheduling of the plant, coordinating it with renewables, etc. If you come from the electrical engineering background, you could explore the integration of generation and demand response from different perspectives such as unit commitment, stability, frequency support, control, etc. On the other hand, if your background is environmental engineering you could explore different water treatment option, demand and storage options and build various scenarios for decentralised or off-grid water supply systems. Additionally, you could also focus on exploring how to make the operation of the desalination plant more flexible as to better accommodate renewable energy integration.

Ultimately, the choice is yours. Explore, find an interesting problem and solve it.

Expected Outcome
- A survey of relevant literature that will help you choose one or few of the topics you would like to explore.

- Definition of one or more scenarios for decentralised integrated water and power systems.

- Operational/Technical, Economic, Environmental (LCA) evaluation of the scenarios through different methods from mathematical approaches to model simulations.

- Results presentation.

- Conclusions and future work.

If publishing a technical paper is something that interests you, there are opportunities within these topics as they are currently quite hot. This will help you making your CV stand up for both academic and industrial positions.

Prerequisites
Familiarity with programming (Matlab or Python) and basic knowledge of statistical concepts are recommended. Your own background will influence the potential approaches.

Forudsætninger
Familiarity with programming (Matlab or Python) and basic knowledge of statistical concepts are recommended. Your own background will influence the potential approaches.

Emneord

  • Bioteknologi og biokemi
  • Konstruktion og mekanik
  • Elektroteknologi
  • Energi
  • Fysik
  • Informationsteknologi
  • Kemi
  • Matematik
  • Materialer
  • Miljø og forurening
  • Transport og logistik
  • Brandteknik og brandsikkerhed
  • Bygningsdesign
  • Byggematerialer
  • Byggeproduktion og byggeledelse
  • Bygningskonstruktion
  • Forbrændingsmotorer
  • Indeklima
  • Kyster og havne
  • Maskinkonstruktion
  • Skibe og off-shore-konstruktioner
  • Antenner
  • Elektromagnetisme
  • Elektronik
  • Lyd
  • Mikrobølgeteknologi
  • Robotteknik og automation
  • Bioenergi
  • Brændselsceller
  • Elforsyning
  • Energieffektivisering
  • Energilagring
  • Energiproduktion
  • Energisystemer
  • Kraftværker
  • Solenergi
  • Vindenergi
  • Sensorer
  • Hav- og dambrug
  • Fisk og skaldyr
  • Fiskeri og fiskebestande
  • Fødevareproduktion
  • Havforskning
  • Meteorologi
  • Hardware og komponenter
  • Telekommunikation
  • Analytisk og teoretisk kemi
  • Katalyse
  • Teknisk kemi
  • Nanopartikler
  • Polymerer
  • Metaller og legeringer
  • Høreapparater
  • Medicinske apparater og systemer
  • Nanomedicin
  • Sundhed og sygdomme
  • Affaldshåndtering
  • CO2-udskillelse og CO2-lagring
  • Jordforurening
  • Klimatilpasning
  • Luftforurening
  • Miljøkemi
  • Spildevand og vandafledning
  • Vandforsyning
  • Økosystemer
  • Rumteknologi og instrumenter
  • Satellitter
Tags
  • drinkingwater
  • energy
  • Renewable
  • renewables
  • smartcities
  • water
  • WaterSupply
Kontakt
Virksomhed/organisation
DTU Elektro

Navn
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Stilling
Ph.d.-studerende

Mail
dvapo@elektro.dtu.dk

Vejleder-info
Kandidatuddannelsen i Anvendt Kemi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Akvatisk Videnskab og Teknologi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Kemisk og Biokemisk Teknologi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Byggeteknologi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Elektroteknologi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Konstruktion og Mekanik
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Miljøteknologi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Bæredygtig Energi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

Kandidatuddannelsen i Vindenergi
Vejleder
Daniel Vazquez Pombo

Medvejledere
Henrik W. Bindner, Martin Rygaard

Type
Kandidatspeciale, Specialkursus

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Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU) - hurtigt overblik


Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)
DTU er et teknisk eliteuniversitet med international rækkevidde og standard. Vores mission er at udvikle og nyttiggøre naturvidenskab og teknisk videnskab til gavn for samfundet. 11.200 studerende uddanner sig her til fremtiden, og 6.000 medarbejdere har hver dag fokus på uddannelse, forskning, myndighedsrådgivning og innovation, som bidrager til øget vækst og velfærd.

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